It was now clear that Pius X was not open to the traditional forms of French persuasion. The prospect of vacant sees all over France left him saddened but unshaken; and it now seemed to Combes that something more dramatic was needed. Hitherto Combes had used the threat of Separation sparingly and indirectly; he had merely intoned the familiar lament that Rome was making it hard for him to defend the Concordat in parliament. The summer of 1904, however, brought words of a more desperate kind: Combes was threatening to throw his own substantial weight behind Separation.
KeywordsState Visit Fervent Supporter Bill Bear Senatorial Election Formal Breach
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