Éminences Grises et Cardinaux Verts
Whatever the extent of Merry del Val’s knowledge of the negotiations, he seems from the first to have favoured the alternative course — rejection of the associations. It is here that his handling of the French bishops provides the most controversial aspect of a controversial question. It has made him the subject of charges of dishonesty, and it has indirectly caused critics to question the integrity of his master, Pius X. When the canonisation of Pius X was first discussed in the Vatican, the papal Secretary of State, Cardinal Pietro Gasparri, saw this as a serious and possibly decisive obstacle. The historian is therefore treading on eggshells; and at the risk of trying the reader’s patience still further, he can only move slowly.
KeywordsReligious Order Assembly Burst Religious Liberty Civil Marriage Democratic School
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