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The Reign of Carlos III (1759–88)

  • W. N. Hargreaves-Mawdsley

Abstract

On 22 August 1759, twelve days after Fernando VI’s death, the news of it arrived in Naples. Carlos, King of Naples and half-brother of the dead king, before renouncing his Italian kingdom for that of Spain, had to resolve a question of succession of the utmost importance, since his brother Felipe, Duke of Parma, was ambitious to gain the vacant Neapolitan throne. Besides, Maria Theresa of Austria and Carlo Emanuele III of Savoy-Sardinia had interests which were involved; the former wanting to win back Parma and Guastalla, and the latter desirous of recovering Piacenza. It was necessary to remove these dangers. The French minister Choiseul undertook to do this by holding back Savoy with promises and by quietening Maria Theresa’s efforts to bring about the marriage of her eldest son Joseph, heir-apparent to the Empire, to the Infanta Isabel, daughter of Don Felipe, Duke of Parma. Of the sons of Carlos of Naples and Maria Amalie of Saxony, the eldest, Felipe was a cretin, the second, Carlos was designated heir-presumptive of Spain, and to the third, Fernando, fell the Kingdom of Naples. Carlos III succeeded to the Spanish throne thanks to the will of Fernando VI and by natural right.1

Keywords

Chief Minister French Minister Spanish Minister Family Compact British Ambassador 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Notes

  1. 25.
    W. marqués del Villa-Urrutia, Mujeres de antan: la reina Maria Luisa, esposa de Carlos IV (Madrid, 1927).Google Scholar
  2. 39.
    C. Eguia Ruiz, El Padre Isidro Lópezyel motin de Esquilache (Madrid, 1935).Google Scholar
  3. 41.
    F. Espinosa, ‘El conde de Aranda’, Espana Moderna, CXLIX (1909), p. 5.Google Scholar
  4. 42.
    F. Rousseau, Expulsion des Jesuites en Espagne. Démarches de Charles III pour leur sécularisation (Paris, 1904).Google Scholar
  5. 45.
    For the Papacy during the whole of this period, see L. von Pastor, History of the Popes from the Close of the Middle Ages (London, 1950).Google Scholar
  6. 47.
    P. Fraile Miguélez, El Jansenismo y Regalismo en Espana (Valladolid, 1895),PP. 330f.Google Scholar
  7. 90.
    J. Sarrailh, L’Espagne éclairée de la seconde moitié du siècle XVIII (Paris, 1964 ).Google Scholar
  8. 103.
    G. Guastavino Gallent, Los bombardeos de Argel en 1783–1784 y su repercusion literaria (Madrid, 1950), pp. 12–17.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© W. N. Hargreaves-Mawdsley 1979

Authors and Affiliations

  • W. N. Hargreaves-Mawdsley
    • 1
  1. 1.Brandon UniversityCanada

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