Standardization, Quality, Novelty

  • J. Wilczynski


Standardization’, it is stated in a Socialist encyclopedia of technology, ‘consists in the rational choice, systematization and simplification of concepts, symbols, types, dimensions, shapes, mechanical and chemical properties, the methods of testing, the methods of precision of execution, and the conditions of delivery and acceptance of products.’1 A type of standard, peculiar to the Socialist planned economies, is the ‘norm’, implying a ‘normal’ magnitude or feature. It is more directly associated with the setting and fulfilment of planned tasks, and in different contexts it may mean a ‘minimum’, ‘average’ or ‘maximum’ directive, permissible or recommended. Technical norms fall into three categories: those determining the outlays of resources (labour, materials, power, production capacities, the deterioration of stocks), those laying down methods or procedures, and those specifying the properties of the goods or services produced. Norms must be periodically revised to be adapted to the changing conditions of production. To work out a norm in Poland takes two to three years, and its average life-span is about six years.2


Socialist Economy Basic Price Material Incentive Capitalist Country Polish Economist 
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Copyright information

© J. Wilczynski 1974

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Wilczynski
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Central School of Planning and StatisticsWarsawPoland
  2. 2.R.M.C.University of New South WalesDuntroonAustralia

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