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Technological Co-operation in Comecon

  • J. Wilczynski

Abstract

Comecon is a case of an economic grouping where co-operation is not shaped by free market forces but essentially by planning, formal agreements and commitments.1 Comecon leaders and theoretical writers claim, not unnaturally, that Comecon economic and technological co-operation is of a superior type. It is stressed that under capitalism, although there is some state intervention, economic and technological relations and integration are determined by such financial instruments as tariffs, taxes, subsidies, competition, profitability differentials and by narrow private microeconomic considerations in general. These factors lead to the restructuring of trade, which in turn leads to changes in the patterns of output. As Socialist writers frequently like to stress, these processes are inexorably conditioned by the ‘anarchical market’, often counter to the long-run interests of society, and particularly the less developed member countries.

Keywords

Member Country Foreign Trade East European Country Capitalist World Specialization Agreement 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Notes

  1. 11.
    J. Metera, Współpraca naukowo-techniczna krajów RWPG (Scientific and Technical Co-operation amongst the Comecon Countries), Warsaw, PWE, 1969, pp. 50–1.Google Scholar
  2. 12.
    J. Metera and Z. Ziółkowski, Współpraca naukowo-techniczna krajów RWPG (Scientific and Technical Co-operation amongst the Comecon Countries), Warsaw, PWE, 1972, p. 89.Google Scholar
  3. 80.
    A. Bodnar and B. Zahn, Rewolucja naukowo-techniczna a socjalizm (The Scientific and Technical Revolution and Socialism), Warsaw, KiW, 1971, p. 153.Google Scholar
  4. 33.
    J. Kleer, Wzrost intensywny w krajach socjalistycznych (Intensive Growth in the Socialist Countries), Warsaw, CBZZ, 1972, p. 145.Google Scholar
  5. 34.
    Z. Madej, Nauka i rozwój gospodarczy (Science and Economic Development), Warsaw, PWE, 1970, p. 210.Google Scholar
  6. 36.
    See, e.g., S. Góra and Z. Knyziak, Międzynarodowa specjalizacja produkcji krajózo RWPG (International Specialization of Production amongst the Comecon Countries), Warsaw, PWE, 1971, p. 23.Google Scholar
  7. 49.
    W. Iskra and H. Kisiel, RWPG. Intergraçja gospodarcza (Economic Integration in Comecon), Warsaw, KiW, 1971, p. 48; Ekonomicheskaya gazeta, 15/1972, p. 20.Google Scholar
  8. 80.
    M. Guzek, Miçdzynarodowa integracja gospodarcza w socjaliźmie (International Economic Integration under Socialism), Warsaw, PWE, 1970, pp. 186, 187.Google Scholar
  9. 89.
    e.g. substantial profits were made by buying footwear from Czechoslovakia and reselling it to the USSR at still lower than the ‘corrected’ intra-Comecon prices. See R. S. Kretschmar, Jr, and R. Foor, The Potential for Joint Ventures in Eastern Europe, New York, Praeger, 1972, p. 37.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© J. Wilczynski 1974

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Wilczynski
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Central School of Planning and StatisticsWarsawPoland
  2. 2.R.M.C.University of New South WalesDuntroonAustralia

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