Alexander Herzen: His Last Phase

  • Monica Partridge


Alexander Herzen’s sense of history, his understanding of contemporary events and the people who made them, his political judgements and political programme during the last year of his life, deserve reappraisal. New material which has become available with the publication of the Soviet Academy edition of his works1 makes possible a more complete understanding of his ideas and his endeavours at that time. He was more in sympathy with the international working-class movement than is generally supposed, and his thought was more an amalgam of ideas held by the most radical European socialists than it was the political liberalism first attributed to him by the younger generation of Russian revolutionaries.


Young Generation Progressive Movement General Council Secret Society Russian People 


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  1. 1.
    A. I. Gertsen, Sobranie sochinenii v 30 tomakh (Moscow: Akademia Nauk, 1954–66). Future quotations from Herzen in this article will be from this edition.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    G. N. Vyrubov, ‘Revolyutsionnye vospominaniya’, Gertsen v vospominaniyakh sovremennikov (1956) p. 290.Google Scholar
  3. 6.
    B. P. Koz’min, Iz istorii revolyutsionnoi misli v Rossii (Moscow, 1961) p. 516.Google Scholar
  4. 26.
    B. I. Nicolaevsky, ‘Secret Societies and the First International’, in M. M. Drachkovitch (ed.), The Revolutionary Internationals, 1864–1943 (Stanford University Press, 1966) p. 40.Google Scholar
  5. 35.
    As does, for instance, R. Hostetter in The Italian Socialist Movement, I (Stanford University Press, 1958).Google Scholar
  6. 39.
    B. P. Koz’min, ‘K voprosu ob otnoshenii A. I. Gertsena k 1 Internatsionalu’, Istoricheskie Zapiski, LIV (1955) 435.Google Scholar

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© Monica Partridge 1974

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  • Monica Partridge

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