The Soviet Rural Economy in 1929–1930: The Size of the Kolkhoz
‘The year of the great breakthrough’, as Stalin described 1929 in November of that year,1 marked the end of the New Economic Policy (N.E.P.). During N.E.P., a largely state-owned industry was linked with some 25 million private peasant households through a market system in which private as well as state and co-operative trade was permitted to operate. Within this framework both agriculture and industry first recovered to their pre-war levels of production and then expanded beyond them.
KeywordsRural Settlement Collective Farmer Lower Volga Region Agricultural Machine 16th Party
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