Like most African states, Senegal owes its present shape to the occupation of Africa by the European colonial powers. Before the arrival of the Europeans several kingdoms already existed and were from time to time invaded and subdued by others. In the fifteenth and the beginning of the sixteenth centuries, the Portuguese settled in Cape Vert, Gambia and Casamance, and were later followed by other European powers. Trading was the sole objective of these Europeans, the slave trade being the most attractive and a far from peaceful activity. After the abolition of slavery, it was gradually replaced by trading in groundnuts and gums.
KeywordsForeign Policy National Development Assimilation Policy EUROPEAN Development Fund African Socialism
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