The Character of Government

  • B. W. Beckingsale


The statements of Cromwell’s arch enemies, Pole and Gardiner, might be expected to be hostile to him. To counter Cromwell’s charge of a papal tyranny, Pole represented the assumption of the royal supremacy as a tyrannical act and brought papalist invective up to date by accusing Cromwell of machiavellianism. Gardiner only went so far as to suggest that Cromwell argued for despotic rule, he did not accuse him of having established it. Just as it was natural for Pole with his Italian background to point to Machiavelli as the source of the despotic notions which he ascribed to Cromwell, so it was to be expected that Gardiner, a canonist, believed that Cromwell sought the support of Roman law.


Mixed Polity Legislative Power Emergency Power Statutory Authority Special Court 
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© B.W. Beckingsale 1978

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  • B. W. Beckingsale

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