Cromwell was the King’s servant and in that relationship lay the source and limitation of his power. As the holder of high office and a councillor he was expected both to execute royal policy and by giving counsel to shape policy. For Cromwell the art of government lay in conceiving of policy in terms of its enforcement. A devotee of achieving the possible, he has appeared as an executive who was concerned above all with ways and means. Occupied with the drafting of legislation and the details of administration, his role as the agent who put policies into force seems so demanding and absorbing that it is tempting to regard him as the mere servant who obeyed the King and carried out the King’s policies.
KeywordsBody Politic Shape Policy High Politics Corrupt Bureaucrat Public Religiosity
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 2.R. Koebener, ‘The Imperial Crown of the Realm: Henry VIII, Constantine and Polydore Vergil’, BIHR, XXVI (1953), 29–52; L.P., XIV (i), 475.Google Scholar
- 7.E.W. Ives, ‘Faction at the Court of Henry VIII: the Fall of Anne Boleyn’, History, LVII (1972), 183.Google Scholar
- 10.G. Burnet, The History of the Reformation of the English Church (Oxford 1865), ed. N. Pocock, I, 443–4.Google Scholar
- 11.M.E. James, ‘Obedience and Dissent in Henrician England: the Lincolnshire Rebellion, 1536’, Past and Present, XLVIII (1970), 7.Google Scholar
- 13.Statutes of the Realm, III, 729–30; L. Stone, The Crisis of the Aristocracy (Oxford 1965), 29.Google Scholar
- 14.W.G. Zeeveld, The Foundations of Tudor Policy (1969), Ch. 8; Merriman, Life and Letters, II, 129; Hall, Chronicle, 839.Google Scholar
- 18.G.R. Elton, ‘Tudor Government: the Points of Contact. III. The Court, TRHS, 5th Series, XXVI (1976), passim.Google Scholar
- 19.C. Pythian-Adams, ‘Ceremony and the citizen: the communal Year at Coventry 1450–1559’, Crisis and Order in English Towns (1972), ed. P. Clark and P. Slack, 57–80.Google Scholar
- 20.M. Kelly, ‘The Submission of the Clergy’, TRHS, 5th Series, XV (1965), 98;Google Scholar
- C. Haigh, Reformation and Resistance in Tudor Lancashire (Cambridge 1976), 63–75; Statutes of the Realm, III, 739–43.Google Scholar
- 21.Ives, ‘The Genesis of the Statute of Uses’, 694–5; R.W. Heinze, The Proclamations of the Tudor Kings (Cambridge 1976), 113–15.Google Scholar
- 22.Hoskins, The Age of Plunder, 87, 161; J.F.D. Shrewsbury, A History of the Bubonic Plague in the British Isles (Cambridge 1970), 167–73; Dietz, English Government Finance 1485–1558, 143; Statutes of the Realm, III, 813.Google Scholar