Zenith and Nadir

  • B. W. Beckingsale


At the beginning of 1539 Thomas Cromwell could look back on the decade since the fall of Wolsey with some satisfaction. By 1534 he had become secretary to the King and had ousted his opponents from the council. During the next two years he became Vicegerent in Spirituals and Lord Privy Seal. Generally his policies had prospered. The strongest gesture against them, the Pilgrimage of Grace had been suppressed. Yet Cromwell was aware that he could not afford to drop his guard. He had taken great risks and he warned his servants of the ever present threat, posed by his enemies in the church and amongst the nobility.1


Foreign Policy Religious Matter Poor Relief Charles Versus Present Threat 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 2.
    Merriman, Life and Letters, 212–80; R.B. Wernham, Before the Armada (1966), 111–48.Google Scholar
  2. 9.
    J. Ridley, Thomas Cranmer (Oxford 1962), 148; L.P., XIV (i), 545; Merriman, Life and Letters, I, 258; II, 214.Google Scholar
  3. 10.
    Handbook of British Chronology, 2nd ed. (1961), ed. F.M. Powicke and E.B. Fryde, 262, 252, 240; L.P., XIV (i), 149.Google Scholar
  4. 16.
    Journal of the House of Lords, I, 129; Elton, Studies, I, 216; R.W. Dixon, History of the Church of England (1895), II, 233–4.Google Scholar
  5. 21.
    L.B. Smith, A Tudor Tragedy (1962), 108.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© B.W. Beckingsale 1978

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. W. Beckingsale

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations