Keeping a Head above Water July–December 1940

  • Michael Balfour
  • Julian Frisby


Helmuth continued to work with varying intensity in the Abwehr and HWK. But his letters no longer give the impression that he felt this to be a sphere in which something important could be achieved. Hitler could, and would, do what he wanted and, as long as the German armies went on being successful, there was little prospect of getting the war fought or conquered territories governed in a different way. As Helmuth put it on 30 June, he was `living without expectations, doing more watching than acting’. The most that could be hoped for was to prevent or reverse individual acts of cruelty and injustice — in Detail Unglück zu verhüten.


Supervisory Board Peace Treaty Occupied Territory Military Adviser German Army 
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Copyright information

© Michael Balfour and Julian Frisby 1972

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael Balfour
    • 1
  • Julian Frisby
  1. 1.University of East AngliaUK

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