The Pugachev Revolt: The Last Great Cossack-Peasant Rising
Rural revolt was endemic in seventeenth- and eighteenth-century Russia.1 There were four risings of considerable scale during the period, in each of which the peasant formed the mass base, the Cossacks of the borderlands provided the leadership and the experienced fighting core, and in which other categories (convicts, deserters, religious dissenters, tribesmen, etc.) also participated. They were the Bolotnikov movement of 1606–7, the revolt of Stenka Razin in 1670–1, the Bulavin rising of 1707–8, and that led by Pugachev (1773–5). The last is of particular interest in the study of peasant movements in that while exhibiting characteristics broadly similar to the others (as well as some intriguing divergencies) it is the best documented of all.
KeywordsVolga Area Peasant Movement Peasant Revolt Regional Commander Rebel Force
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