Advertisement

Biomechanics of the Oral Tissues

  • C. H. Daly
  • J. I. Nicholls
  • W. L. Kydd
  • P. D. Nansen

Abstract

Although dentistry seems to be an obvious field for the application of engineering techniques, such studies have been predominantly oriented towards dental materials research and to dental equipment such as the high-speed air drill. However, the effect of stress on the oral tissues has not been the subject of quantitative study. These tissues are known to respond very sensitively to mechanical stress and this effect is made use of very widely in orthodontics. A variety of clinical problems arise from abnormal stresses within the mouth, e.g. ulcers caused by pressure under a denture, periodontal problems.

Keywords

Oral Mucosa Load Cycle Barium Titanate Tissue Thickness Tooth Root 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Craik, J.E., and Mcneil, I.R.R. 1965: Histological studies of stressed skin. In ‘Biomechanics and Related Bioengineering Topics’ (Ed. R.M. Kenedi). Pergamon, Oxford, p. 159.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Daly, C.H. and Wheeler, J.B. 1971: The use of ultra-sonic thickness measurement in the clinical evaluation of the oral soft tissues. Int. Dental J. 21: 418.Google Scholar
  3. Körber, K.H., and Körber, E. 1963: Die Rotatorische Komponente der Physiologischen Zahnbeweglichkeit. Zahnärztl Welt 10: 309.Google Scholar
  4. Kydd, W.L., Daly, C.H., and Wheeler, J.B. 1971: The thickness measurement of the masticatory mucosa in vivo. Int. Dental J. 21: 430.Google Scholar
  5. Kydd, W.L., Stroud, W., Moffett, B.C., and Tamarin, A. 1969: The effect of mechanical stress on oral mucoperiosteum of dogs. Archs. oral Biol. 14: 921.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Mühlemann, H.R. 1967: Tooth mobility—a review of clinical aspects and research findings. J. Periodont. 38: 114.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Nicholls, J.I., Daly, C.H., and Kydd, W.L. 1972: A stereoscopic X-ray procedure for locating the centroidal axis of the root of a maxillary central incisor. J. Biomechanics 5: 159.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Bioengineering Unit, University of Strathclyde 1973

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. H. Daly
    • 1
  • J. I. Nicholls
    • 2
  • W. L. Kydd
    • 3
  • P. D. Nansen
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringUniversity of WashingtonSeattleUSA
  2. 2.Department of Civil EngineeringUniversity of WashingtonSeattleUSA
  3. 3.Department of Oral BiologyUniversity of WashingtonSeattleUSA

Personalised recommendations