Intravital Measurement of Forces in the Human Spine: Their Clinical Implications for Low Back Pain and Scoliosis

  • Alf Nachemson
  • Gösta Elfström


The orthopaedic Surgeon works with the supportive system of the human body and from this it follows that he must think along the same lines as many engineers—in terms of angles, of stability and motion, of static and dynamic loads. He is basically best trained in biology, but many advances in this field of medicine in the past, and with certainty also in the future, have and will be achieved by close cooperation with engineers who have become interested in orthopaedic problems.


Axial Force Nucleus Pulposus Idiopathic Scoliosis Disc Degeneration Lumbar Disc 
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Copyright information

© Bioengineering Unit, University of Strathclyde 1973

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alf Nachemson
  • Gösta Elfström
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Orthopaedic Surgery IUniversity of GöteborgSweden

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