• Chris Cook
  • John Paxton


Zaïre, formerly Belgian Congo and then Congo (Kinshasa). Until the middle of the nineteenth century the territory drained by the Congo River was practically unknown. When Stanley reached the mouth of the Congo in 1877, King Leopold II of the Belgians recognized the immense possibilities of the Congo Basin and took the lead in exploring and exploiting it. The Berlin Conference of 1884–85 recognized King Leopold II as the sovereign head of the Congo Free State.


Ivory Coast Protected State Congo Basin Independent Member French Authority 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Chris Cook and John Paxton 1975

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chris Cook
  • John Paxton

There are no affiliations available

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