The Ministry of Education was formed in 1920. The education system at that time was mainly Moslem, but there were schools run by the Roman Catholic and Greek Orthodox churches and a school at Korytza for girls founded by Protestants. Schools were nationalized in 1933 and reorganized. Free elementary education was now obligatory for children between 4 and 13. After 13 they could go on to gymnasium or to town school. The gymnasia had eight-year courses on lower and advanced level, the town schools had four-year courses corresponding to the lower level. Pupils going to town schools could go on to commercial institutes; those going to gymnasia for the first four years only could go on to normal schools to train as teachers. There were technical schools with three five-year courses after town school. There were no universities. In 1936 nationalization was modified by the authorization of free schools. Those run by the Franciscan order and the Greek Orthodox church opened again under government control. In 1938 it was thought that illiteracy was still as high as 75%.
KeywordsPrimary School Elementary School Middle School Secondary Education Vocational School
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