Critical Studies of the Traditional Approach
Wheare, as we have seen,43 was ready to admit of the ‘inadequacy and unreality of the various bases of classification’, but, nevertheless, his classificatory scheme has become widely known and is often the basis of discussion of comparative constitutions in the most recent textbooks.44 Karl Loewenstein has made the most direct criticism of the ‘Wheare model’, and his alternative method of classification is preceded by his comment: ‘Once again, the classical categories that political science is in the habit of dragging like iron chains for a generation or more prove wholly inadequate.’45 He continues, in characteristic vein:
KeywordsSemantic Constitution Classificatory Scheme Socialist Constitution Traditional Classification Nominal Constitution
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