RUSSIAN DIPLOMACY between 1726 and 1762 prepared the ground for the solution of the basic foreign policy problems that confronted Russia from the end of the seventeenth century. “In the north was Sweden, whose strength and prestige were declining precisely because Charles XII had attempted to penetrate into the interior of Russia… In the south were the Turks and their tributary, the Crimean Tatars, now a mere fragment of their former glory… Then there was Poland, which was in a state of complete collapse… unable under its constitution to take any action on a nationwide scale and therefore doomed to become the easy prey of her neighbors.... Beyond Poland was another country, which also seemed to be in a state of hopeless collapse at the time—Germany. Since the Thirty Years’ War the Holy Roman Empire had existed only in name… The Prussian dynasty was already beginning to come forward as a rival of the Austrian dynasty.” “The world situation had never been more favorable to tsarism’s plans of conquest than it was in 1762… The Seven Years’ War had split Europe into two camps. England had broken the power of the French on the sea, in America, and in India, and had then abandoned her continental ally, Frederick II, king of Prussia, to his fate. Frederick II was on the brink of ruin in 1762.”
KeywordsForeign Policy Foreign Affair Polish Question Eenth Century Polish Territory
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