Soil Preservation

  • Keynote Paper


The soils of the world’s land areas, together with the bottoms of the seas and lakes of planet earth, form a specific biogeochemical sphere. As a product of the continuous interactions of living matter and the earth’s crust, the soils and their counterparts in the hydrosphere represent a zone of concentration: of different living organisms, of the products of their metabolism, and of their remains. The living organisms (plants, animals, microbiota) and other components of soils constitute integral parts of the complicated ecological systems (ecosystems or biogeocoenoses) that both change and in turn depend on the history and peculiarities of their particular environments, which vary according to their geographical positions and circumstances. The most striking differences in the mosaic of these systems can be observed in progressing from the equator of the earth towards the poles, and from the high mountain areas towards the lowlands and seas.


Humic Horizon United Nations Development Programme Irrigate Land Irrigation Canal Irrigate Soil 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Batisse, M. (in press). Man and the Biosphere: an international research programme. Biological Conservation, 4(1), pp. 1–6.Google Scholar
  2. Black, J. D. (1968). The Management and Conservation of Biological Resources. F. A. Davis, Philadelphia: xi + 339 pp., illustr.Google Scholar
  3. Brown, L. H. (1971). The biology of pastoral man as a factor in conservation. Biological Conservation, 3(2), pp. 93–100.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Dasmann, R. F. (1968). Environmental Conservation (2nd edn). John Wiley, New York, etc.: xiii + 375 pp., illustr.Google Scholar
  5. FAO (1967). The State of Food and Agriculture 1967. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome: vii + 202, illustr.Google Scholar
  6. Graham, E. H. (1944). Natural Principles of Land Use. Oxford University Press, London, etc.: xiii + 274 pp., illustr.Google Scholar
  7. Helfrich, H. M. Jr (Ed.) (1970). The Environmental Crisis: Man’s Struggle to Live with Himself Yale University Press, New Haven & London: x + 187 pp.Google Scholar
  8. Johnson, F. S. (1970). The balance of atmospheric oxygen and carbon dioxide. Biological Conservation, 2(2), pp. 83–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Kovda, V. A. (1937). [Solontchaks and Solenetz.—in Russian.] Academy of Sciences of the USSR, Moscow: 245 pp.Google Scholar
  10. Kovda, V. A. (1944). Biological cycles of movement and accumulation of salts. Pochvovedenie, Nos. 4–5, pp. 144–57.Google Scholar
  11. Kovda, V. A. (1946–47). [Origin and Regime of Saline Soils.—in Russian.] Academy of Sciences of the USSR, Moscow: Vol. I, 568 pp.; Vol. II, 336 pp.Google Scholar
  12. Kovda, V. A. (1954). [Geochemistry of the Deserts of the USSR.—in Russian and French.] Academy of Sciences of the USSR, Moscow: 152 pp.Google Scholar
  13. Kovda, V. A. (1956). Mineral composition of vegetation and soil-forming. Pochvo- vedenie, No. 1, pp. 6–37.Google Scholar
  14. Kovda, V. A. (1966). The problem of biological and economic productivity of the dry land. Selskokhozyaistvennoya Biologiya, 1(2), pp. 163–77.Google Scholar
  15. Kovda, V. A. (1969). [Contemporary studies on the biosphere.—in Russian.] Journal of General Biology, Academy of Sciences of the USSR, 33(1), pp. 3–17.Google Scholar
  16. Kovda, V. A. ‘and collaborators’ (1970). Contemporary scientific concepts relating to the biosphere. Pp. 13–29 in Use and Conservation of the Biosphere. United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, Paris (UNESCO Natural Resources Research X): 272 pp.Google Scholar
  17. Kovda, V. A. (1971). [Soil Cover and Influence of Man on it.—in Russian.] Institute of Agrochemistry and Soil Science of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR, Pushino, Moscow: preprint of 37 pp.Google Scholar
  18. Massachusetts Institute of Technology [as MIT] (1970). Man’s Impact on the Global Environment: Report of the Study of Critical Environmental Problems. MIT Press, Cambridge, Mass., and London, England: xxii + 319 pp., illustr.Google Scholar
  19. Mellanby, K. (1967). Pesticides and Pollution. Collins (The New Naturalist), London: 221 pp., illustr.Google Scholar
  20. Sukachev, V. N. (1948). Phytocoenology, Biogeocoeology, and Geography. Trudy & Vsesuyoznogo Geograficheskogo Sozda, Vyp. 1, Geografgiz, Moscow: pp. 186–201.Google Scholar
  21. Sukachev, V. N. & Dylis, N. V. [1968]. Fundamentals of Forest Biogeocoenology. Oliver & Boyd, Edinburgh & London: viii + 672 pp., illustr.Google Scholar
  22. UNESCO (1970). Use and Conservation of the Biosphere. United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, Paris (Natural Resources Research X): 272 pp.Google Scholar
  23. Vernadsky, V. I. (1926). [The Biosphere.—in Russian.] Nauchnoe Khimiko-Tekhricheskoe Izdatelstvo, Leningrad & Moscow: 147 pp.Google Scholar
  24. Vernadsky, V. I. (1934). [Problems of Biogeochemistry. Part I: Significance of Biogeochemistry foe Studying the Biosphere.—in Russian.] Izdatelstvo Akademii Nauk SSSR, Leningrad: 47 pp.Google Scholar
  25. Wendland, W. M. & Bryson, R. A. (1970). Atmospheric dustiness, man, and climatic change. Biological Conservation, 2(2), pp. 125–8, illustr.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Wurster, C. F., Jr (1969). Chlorinated hydrocarbons and the world ecosystem. Biological Conservation, 1(2), pp. 123–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Nicholas Polunin 1972

Authors and Affiliations

  • Keynote Paper

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations