The Development of Industrial Relations in Scandinavia

  • Geoffrey K. Ingham
Part of the Studies in Sociology book series (SS)


Swedish economic development accelerated during three short and discontinuous periods: during the 1850s, 1870s and 1890s. However, it is during the latter period and the early twentieth century that the significant changes in Sweden’s industrial structure first appeared.1 Indeed, in comparison with Great Britain, Swedish development was both late and very rapid. In 1870 72 per cent of the Swedish population were engaged in agriculture, forestry and fishing and only 15 per cent in mining, manufacturing and handicrafts; whereas in Great Britain the agricultural population was under 40 per cent as early as 1811 and had further declined to about 10 per cent by the end of the nineteenth century.


Trade Union Collective Bargaining Industrial Relation National Union Strike Activity 
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  1. 16.
    H. A. Turner et al., Labour Relations in the Motor Industry (London, 1967) p. 321.Google Scholar
  2. 17.
    G. Edgren, K. O. Faxen and C. E. Odhner, ‘Wages, Growth and the Distribution of Income’, Swedish Journal of Economics (September 1969).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© British Sociological Association 1974

Authors and Affiliations

  • Geoffrey K. Ingham
    • 1
  1. 1.University of CambridgeUK

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