Dollfuss: Fascist or Austrian Patriot?

  • Elisabeth Barker


The man who signed the Lausanne Protocol for Austria was Dr Engelbert Dollfuss. He had entered the government in March 1931 as Minister of Agriculture, and as its youngest member, aged 38. Of Lower Austrian farming stock, he studied economics in Berlin, made his name as an agricultural expert, and became secretary of the Lower Austrian Peasant-farmers’ Federation. He had little experience of parliamentary politics. It is not clear why he was chosen as Chancellor in May 1932, in succession to Karl Buresch, who had failed to clear up the mess created by the customs union fiasco, the the Creditanstalt crash, and the unending feuding and trouble-making of the Heimwehr.


German Government Western Democracy Moral Courage Party News Agricultural Expert 
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  1. 87.
    Otto Bauer, Der Aufstand der österreichschen Arbeiter (pamphlet, Prague, 1934) p. 25.Google Scholar
  2. 91.
    Ibid., p. 355.Google Scholar
  3. 92.
    Ibid., p. 395.Google Scholar
  4. 93.
    State Archives Vienna, Liasse Italien, Fasz. 477; quoted in Julius Braunthal, The Tragedy of Austria (Gollancz, 1948) pp. 160, 185.Google Scholar
  5. 94.
    Ibid., pp. 167, 188.Google Scholar
  6. 96.
    Ibid., p. 476.Google Scholar
  7. 97.
    Ibid., p. 558.Google Scholar
  8. 98.
    Ibid., p. 584.Google Scholar
  9. 101.
    Ibid., p. 639.Google Scholar
  10. 102.
    Ibid., pp. 281 ff.Google Scholar
  11. 103.
    Ibid., p. 313.Google Scholar

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© Elisabeth Barker 1973

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  • Elisabeth Barker

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