The Austrian Political Parties

  • Elisabeth Barker


In spite of later difficulties and failures, it was the three main political parties of the ‘German-Austrians’, acting through Parliament, which, when the Empire was collapsing, seized the initiative and laid the foundations of the new state. And these three parties, in one form or another, became the constant political factors in Austrian life, surviving suppression by Hitler and maintaining surprisingly constant relative strengths, in spite of great fluctuations in Austria’s fortunes. (See table on p. 15).


Social Democratic Party Main Political Party Austrian Life Christian Social Western Land 


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  1. 6.
    C. A. Macartney, The Habsburg Empire 1790–1918 (Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 1969) pp. 519, 654; The Social Revolution in Austria (Cambridge University Press, 1926) pp. 41 ff.Google Scholar
  2. 7.
    Macartney, The Habsburg Empire, 1790–1918, p. 683.Google Scholar
  3. 9.
    Otto Bauer, Bolschewismus oder Sozialdemokratie (Vienna: Verlag der Wiener Volksbuchhandlung, 1920) pp. 116, 120.Google Scholar
  4. 11.
    Ibid., p. 655.Google Scholar

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© Elisabeth Barker 1973

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  • Elisabeth Barker

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