Austrians under Hitler

  • Elisabeth Barker


Within three months of the Anschluss Hitler had not only incorporated Austria administratively and juridically within the German State and in the Nazi power structure; he had also set out to remove all sense of an Austrian identity or an Austrian ‘mission’. By doing this, he produced exactly the opposite result. Karl Renner wrote: ‘In just three months Austria was liquidated as a State and a nation, but therewith the people’s sympathies for the German Reich were also extinguished — apart from a few ideologists and academics remote from the real world and certain non-political writers and artists who wanted their dealy bread and did not look to see who provided it… Three months were enough to heal the hearts of real Austrians and to enable them to see clearly …’174


Security Organ Freedom Movement Russian Army Christian Social Party Central Committee 
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  1. 175.
    See Karl R. Stadler, Austria (Benn, 1971). His analysis of Gestapo and S.D. reports and law court records gives a very valuable view of the changing Austrian mood and the various forms of Austrian resistance between 1938 and 1945.Google Scholar
  2. 176.
    Ibid., pp. 167–71.Google Scholar
  3. 177.
    Ibid., p. 212.Google Scholar
  4. 180.
    Ibid., p. 179.Google Scholar
  5. 182.
    Ludwig Jedlicka, Der 20 Jull in Österreich (Vienna: Herold for Dr Theodor-Komer-Stiftung and Bundesministerium für Unterricht, 1965) pp. 68–9.Google Scholar
  6. 185.
  7. 187.
    Adolf Schärf, Österreichs Erneuerung (Vienna: Wiener Volksbuchhandlung, 1955) p. 187.Google Scholar
  8. 189.
    Ibid., p. 225.Google Scholar
  9. 191.
    Ludwig Jedlicka, Der 20 Juli 1944 in Österreich, p. 28, quoting Lois Weinberger, Tatsachen, Begegnungen und Gespräche (Vienna: Österreichischer Verlag, 1948) p. 135.Google Scholar

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© Elisabeth Barker 1973

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  • Elisabeth Barker

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