China and its Development of Nuclear Weapons
Communist China’s nuclear programme actually started about 1953, nominally to develop the peaceful use of atomic energy. In May of the same year a Committee of Atomic Energy was set up in the Chinese Academy of Science and as early as March 1954 Kuo Mo-jo, President of the Academy, announced that China had laid the foundation of atomic energy research. On 12 October 1954, an agreement to co-operate on scientific and technological matters was signed by Communist China and the Soviet Union. On 18 January 1955 the Soviet Union announced that it would help Communist China to study the peaceful uses of atomic energy, and that the latter was to receive a research reactor with a head capacity of 6500–10,000 kilowatts. In the same year, Communist China announced its first Five Year Plan in which the development of the peaceful use of nuclear energy was listed as the first major task.
KeywordsNuclear Weapon Atomic Energy Commission Nuclear Test World Politics Ballistic Missile
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