Tess of the d’ Urbervilles

  • Merryn Williams


The understanding of Tess and Jude demands a radically different approach from that which is appropriate to Hardy’s earlier novels. Critics like Brown have seen Tess as the culmination of Hardy’s more characteristic art, with Jude as a kind of afterthought which has little relation to his other works (and the relative popularity of the two novels appears to bear out these judgements). But in fact The Woodlanders marks the end of one style of writing in Hardy — though of course there is no complete break at any point in the series — and the two last great novels are in a group by themselves. They share the themes of wandering and isolation, of the impact of modem, progressive ideas on encrusted conventions, and of ‘the deadly war between flesh and spirit’, as Hardy expressed it in the 1895 Preface to Jude. This war is enacted not only on the sexual plane but also in the necessity for the flesh to submit to a life of brutalising labour which the spirit can only weakly attempt to resist.


Meaningful Work False Consciousness Relative Popularity White Face Suspended Judgement 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 4.
    Barbara Kerr, Bound to the Soil: A Social History of Dorset (London, 1968) p. 124.Google Scholar
  2. 10.
    Roy Morrell, Thomas Hardy: The Will and the Way (Kuala Lumpur, 1965) p. 30.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Merryn Williams 1972

Authors and Affiliations

  • Merryn Williams

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations