The Role of Jean Monnet

  • Richard Mayne
Part of the Studies in Comparative Politics book series (STCP)


The future historian of European integration is likely to suffer from a surplus of documentation and a shortage of facts. If a certain kind of ignorance, as Lytton Strachey once remarked, is essential to the writing of intelligible history, it has little hope of survival amid the vast accumulation of newspaper cuttings, official statistics, policy speeches, annual reports and statesmen’s memoirs with which the present-day scholar must contend. One expert has calculated that ‘the volume of official documents produced by the United Kingdom Government and its agencies during the six war years 1939–45 equalled, in cubic content, the volume of all previous archives of the United Kingdom and of its constituent kingdoms England and Scotland that had survived down to the date of the outbreak of war.’1 In another field, it has been said that if the American Journal of the Fundamental Physical Sciences continued to grow at the same rate as it has since 1945, by the year 2000 it would be heavier than the planet on which we live.2 Documents on European unity are slightly less voluminous, but they already occupy imposing shelf-space in many languages. And yet, overwhelmed as he is by inert data and statistics, the historian still remains baffled.


European Unity High Authority European Economic Community Foreign Minister Action Committee 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Arnold Toynbee, A Study of History, London, 1961, Vol. XII, p. 114, quoting W. K. Hancock;Google Scholar
  2. cf. M. R. D. Foot, SOE in France, London, 1966, p. 449.Google Scholar
  3. 2.
    Leo Moulin, La Sociétéde demain dans l’Europe d’aujourd’ hui, Milan, 1966, p. 29.Google Scholar
  4. 3.
    John Brooks, The European Common Market, Buffalo, NY, 1963, p. 67.Google Scholar
  5. 4.
    François Fontaine, ‘L’Homme qui change le monde sous nos yeux’, Réalités No. 203, December 1962, Paris, 1962, pp. 96–101; François Duchene,Google Scholar
  6. quoted by Brooks, op. cit., pp. 63–71.Google Scholar
  7. A study of Monnet’s political ideas is included in Bino Olivi, L’Europa Difficile, Milan, 1964, pp. 69–101.Google Scholar
  8. 5.
    Jean Monnet, Les États-Unis d’Europe ont commencé, Paris, 1955 is a symposium compiled from early ‘European’ speeches. Monnet’s other speeches and articles exist in duplicated form in his secretariat; the statements of the Action Committee to date have been collected as Comité d’Action pour les États-Unis d’Europe 1955–65, Recueil des Déclarations et Communiqués, Lausanne, 1965. On methods, personal knowledge.Google Scholar
  9. 6.
    John M. Haight, ‘France, the United States, and the Munich Crisis’, Journal of Modern History, Vol. XXXII, No. I, December 1960, pp. 340–58; ‘Roosevelt and the Aftermath of the Quarantine Speech’, Review of Politics. Vol, XXIV, No. 2, April 1962, pp. 233–59; ‘Les Négociations françaises pour la fourniture d’avions americains (I)’, Forces Aériennes Françaises, No. 198, December 1963, pp. 807–39; ‘France’s First War Mission to the United States’, The Air-power Historians, Vol. XI, No. I (January 1964), pp. 11–15; ‘Les négociations relatives aux achats d’av-ions américains par la France pendant la période qui précéda immédiatement la guerre’, La Revue de l’Histoire de la ze. Guerre Mondiale, No. 58, April 1965, pp. 1–34; ‘Jean Monnet and the Opening of the American Arsenal’, paper read to the Franco-American historical colloquium, September 1964.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 7.
    Max Beloff, ‘The Anglo-French Union Project of June 1940’, Mélanges Pierre Renouvin, Études d’Histoire des Relations Internationales (Publications de la Faculté des Lettres et Sciences Humaines de Paris, Série ‘Études et Methodes’ tome 13), Paris, 1966, pp. 199–219;Google Scholar
  11. Winston Churchill, The Second World War, Cassell paperback edition, London, 1964, Vol. III, pp. 183–7;Google Scholar
  12. Charles de Gaulle, Mémoires de Guerre, Livres de Poche edition, Paris, 1959, Vol. I, pp. 80ff;Google Scholar
  13. J.-R. Tournoux, Secrets d’État. Vol. II: Pétain et de Gaulle, Paris, 1964, pp. 426–41, prints a contemporary account by René Pleven, who took part in the project.Google Scholar
  14. 8.
    Cf. Robert Murphy, Diplomat Among Warriors, London, 1964, pp. 223 ff., for a somewhat partial account of this episode; on Monnet’s career in general, cf. also ‘Then Will It Live …’, Time, Vol. LXXVIII, No. 14, 6 October 1961, pp. 20–7.Google Scholar
  15. 9.
    Étienne Hirsch, ‘L’Angleterre fera-t-elle antichambre?’, Les Cahiers de la République, No. 51, Paris, January 1963, pp. 9–16.Google Scholar
  16. 10.
    John Davenport, ‘M. Jean Monnet of Cognac’, Fortune, Vol. XXX, No. 2, August 1944, pp. 121–216.Google Scholar
  17. 11.
    Cf. Don Cook, Floodtide in Europe, New York, 1965, pp. 110–12, for a vivid description.Google Scholar
  18. 14.
    Pierre Gerbet, ‘La Genese du Plan Schuman’, Revue Française de Science Politique, Paris, 1956, Vol. VI, No. 3, pp. 525–53 (p. 544).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 15.
    Ibid., pp. 543 ff.Google Scholar
  20. 16.
    Allocution de M. Jean Monnet à Scy-Cbazelles le 3 octobre 1965; for date of French cabinet decision, cf. HMSO, Anglo-French Discussions regarding French proposals for the Western European Coal, Iron and Steel Industries, May–June, 1950 (Cmd. 7970), p. 3.Google Scholar
  21. 17.
    Robert Schuman, Pour l’Europe, Paris, 1963, pp. 164–8.Google Scholar
  22. 18.
    Raymond Racine, Vers une Europe nouvelle par le Plan Schuman, Neuchâtel, 1954, pp. 62 ff.Google Scholar
  23. 19.
    Cmd. 7970 (cf. Note 16, above).Google Scholar
  24. 20.
    Ibid., p. 6.Google Scholar
  25. 21.
    Ibid., p. 7. On Monnet’s visit to Adenauer,Google Scholar
  26. cf. Konrad Adenauer, Erinner-ungen 1945–1953, Stuttgart, 1965, pp. 336–7.Google Scholar
  27. 22.
    Ibid., pp. 7, 8.Google Scholar
  28. 24.
    Cmd, 7970 (cf, Note 16, above), p. 10.Google Scholar
  29. 25.
    Ibid., pp. 11 ff.Google Scholar
  30. 27.
    Max Kohnstamm, ‘The European Tide’, in Stephen R. Graubard (ed.), A New Europe? Boston, 1964, pp. 140–73 (pp. 151–2).Google Scholar
  31. 28.
    On the Council of Ministers, ibid., p.152n;Google Scholar
  32. quotation from Action Committee for the United States of Europe, Déclaration commune du 26 juin 1962, in Recueil des Déclarations et Communiqués, Lausanne, 1965 (cf. Note 5, above), pp. 111–17 (P. 114).Google Scholar
  33. 31.
    François Duchêne, quoted in John Brooks, The European Common Market, Buffalo, N.Y., 1963, p. 67.Google Scholar
  34. 32.
    Kohnstamm, op. cit. (cf. Note 27 above), p. 155.Google Scholar
  35. 33.
    Cf. Gilles Anouil, La Grande-Bretagne et la Communauté Européenne du Charbon et de l’Acier, Issoudun, 1960, esp. pp. 107 ff.Google Scholar
  36. 34.
    Georgette Elgey, La République des Illusions 1945–1951, Paris, 1965, p. 462.Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    Richard Mayne, The Community of Europe, London, 1962, p. 107 and n. 1.Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    Ibid., p. 109; private information.Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    Miriam Camps, Britain and the European Community 1955–1963, Princeton/London, 1964, p. 21.Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    Miriam Camps, Britain and the European Community 1955–1963, Princeton/London, 1964, p. 21.Google Scholar
  41. 49.
    Recueil(cf. Note 18, above), p. 11.Google Scholar
  42. 50.
    Ibid., pp. 11–12.Google Scholar
  43. 52.
    ‘Setting the Pace for Unity’, Common Market, Vol. IV, No. 6, The Hague, June 1964, pp. 104–6 (p. 106); for an analysis of the committee’s membership and operations, cf. Walter Yondorf, ‘Monnet and the Action Committee: the Formative Period of the European Communities’, International Organization, Vol. XIX, No. 4, 1965, pp. 885–912.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 57.
    Cf. Miriam Camps, European Unification in the Sixties, New York, 1966, pp. 62 ff.; John Newhouse, unpublished paper in the ‘Tocqueville Series’, passim. For German, Dutch, and Italian positions, cf. Recueil (Note 28, above), p. 136.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Government and Opposition Ltd 1972

Authors and Affiliations

  • Richard Mayne

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations