The Campaign of the European Congresses

  • Denis de Rougemont
Part of the Studies in Comparative Politics book series (STCP)


Just as the revolution of 1848 was preceded by a campaign of banquets, so, a hundred years later, the European revolution was announced by a ‘campaign of congresses’ spread over the years 1947–9. These congresses expressed the state of mind and stimulated the major trends of a heterogenous and many-sided movement — a movement curiously inefficient in its tactics, and direct in its strategy, but to which the Council of Europe owes its existence and because of which the Community of the Six has been able to take shape and to win the acceptance of public opinion, and hence of the parliaments and governments responsible to public opinion.


European Government Political Union Sovereign Power European Authority Permanent Secretariat 


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  1. 1.
    Reports and collected Resolutions of Montreux, The Hague, Westminster, Lausanne; and two small books: Europe Unites (The Hague Congress and After), and European Movement and the Council of Europe, edited by the secretariat of the European Movement, London, 1949. On The Hague, see also Le Problème de L’Union Europèenne by O. Philip, 1950, and my Europe en jeu, 1940.Google Scholar
  2. 5.
    Delegates from the Resistance had already met secretly in Geneva in spring 1944, to draw up a European federalist manifesto; cf. L’Europe de demain ed. La Baconniere, Neuchâtel, 1946. The main ideas expressed in Montreux and the Hague, will already be found there.Google Scholar

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© Government and Opposition Ltd 1972

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  • Denis de Rougemont

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