Advertisement

The Impact of the European Communities on National Policy-Making

  • Helen S. Wallace
Part of the Studies in Comparative Politics book series (STCP)

Abstract

The now fairly extensive literature on the European Communities, much of which sets out to analyse ‘the European decision-making process’, has tended to concentrate on how this process looks from the perspective of the Community itself and of its institutions. National governments and actors in the six political systems have been discussed primarily in so far as they are participants in the Community system. However, if we are to reach an understanding of the impact of the Communities on national processes, then some attention must be given to how the Communities are viewed from the national capitals, to the extent to which Community business impinges on the governmental systems in the member states and to the importance given to European matters among the competing issues which vie for prominence in national politics. Any analysis of the politics of European integration which looks from the Communities outwards makes the assumption that European issues are the only ones that count; but if those same issues are examined from a national perspective, we need to ask whether they represent simply one bundle of issues among many, or whether they have come to add a new dimension to the full range of governmental business and political debate.

Keywords

Foreign Policy Foreign Affair Community Policy National Politics National Parliament 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Footnotes

  1. 2.
    The phrase is used here as defined by Charles E. Lindblom, in The Policy-Making Process, Prentice Hall, 1968. For discussions of the distinction between the foreign policy and domestic policy processesGoogle Scholar
  2. see James N. Rosenau. ‘Foreign Policy as an Issue Area’, in Rosenau (editor), Domestic Sources of Foreign Policy, Free Press, New York, 1967, andGoogle Scholar
  3. William Wallace, Foreign Policy and the Political Process, Macmillan, London, November 1971.Google Scholar
  4. 3.
    The concept of ‘issue area’ is taken originally from Robert A. Dahl, Who Governs?, Yale University Press, New Haven, Conn., 1961.Google Scholar
  5. 4.
    Leon N. Lindberg and Stuart A. Scheingold, Europe’s Would-be Polity, Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey, 1970, p. 79.Google Scholar
  6. 10.
    See for example Lindberg and Scheingold, op, cit., pp. 45f; but note table 3•5 on p. 75 which shows the consistent discrepancy between the percentages showing support for a united Europe and those listing European problems as among the most important.Google Scholar
  7. 11.
    D. Coombes, Politics and Bureaucracy in the European Community, London, PEP, Allen and Unwin, 1970; E. Noel and H. Étienne, ‘Quelques aspects des rapports et de la collaboration entre le Conseil et la Commission’, in La Décision dans les Communautés Européennes, pp. 33–55. Detailed information on more recent developments is drawn from papers presented in Manchester by H. Étienne on 9 February 1971, and by H. Nord on 10 November 1970.Google Scholar
  8. 12.
    One such model was described by D. Sidjanski, in ‘The European Pressure Groups’, Government and Opposition, Vol. 2, No. 3, April–July 1967, pp. 400f.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 14.
    See the arguments made by Miriam Camps, in European Unification in the Sixties, Oxford University Press, 1967, Ch. VI, pp. 196f., andGoogle Scholar
  10. by Lindberg and Scheingold, op. cit., pp. 287f..Google Scholar
  11. 15.
    Lindberg, The Political Dynamics of European Economic Integration, Stanford University Press, California, 1963, p. 286.Google Scholar
  12. 19.
    This argument appears regularly in discussions of the Communities. See, for example, Lindberg and Scheingold, op. cit., p. 41, on the ‘permissive consensus’.Google Scholar
  13. 20.
    See the articles by Holtz (p. 177), Gerbet (p. 203), de Bruin (p. 254), in La Décision dans les Communautés Européennes; also John Newhouse, Collision in Brussels, Norton, New York, 1967, p. 96.Google Scholar
  14. 25.
    The information on the Deutscher Gewerkschaftsbund is drawn from a recent visit to their headquarters. For a description of the general attitudes of national interest groups see Werner Feld, ‘National Economic Interest Groups and Policy Formation in the EEC’, in Political Science Quarterly, September 1966.Google Scholar
  15. 26.
    For a detailed account of the German government’s changing views see Geoffrey Denton, Planning in the EEC, Chatham House/PEP, London, 1967.Google Scholar
  16. 29.
    Werner Feld, ‘Political Aspects of Transnational Collaboration in the Common Market’, in International Organisation, Spring 1970, pp. 209f.Google Scholar
  17. 31.
    See Peter Stephenson, ‘Problems and Political Implications for the UK of introducing the EEC Value Added Tax’, in Journal of Common Market Studies, June 1970, pp. 305f.; Community Topic no. 29, Tax Harmonisation in the European Community, European Communities Information Office, London, 1968; Dennis Thompson, The Proposal for a European Company, Chatham House/PEP, London, 1969.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Government and Opposition Ltd 1972

Authors and Affiliations

  • Helen S. Wallace

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations