The Mediterranean Policy of the European Community

  • Stanley Henig
Part of the Studies in Comparative Politics book series (STCP)


The mediterranean policy of the european community1 FORMS an important part of its general external policy. Since this paper can, therefore, be considered as a case study, it is worth trying to define at the outset the concept of ‘external policy’. The Treaties did not delegate to the common European institutions any of the powers of foreign polity-making traditionally exercised by the nation state, but the granting of wholesale economic competences and the consequential obligation of evolving a common commercial policy ensured that the Community would come into direct contact with non-member states. Through its diplomatic relations with other countries,2 the Community has become an actor on the international stage, whilst the scope of its external relations has frequently exceeded that of purely commercial policy.3 It is both meaningful and useful to consider the Community as exercising an external policy — a kind of half-way house to full foreign policy. While any study of Community policy — formation and substance — may help to illuminate the integration process, external policy is particularly important for those who assume that the scope of integration will continue to increase.


Mediterranean Country Custom Union Bilateral Agreement Free Trade Area Tariff Reduction 
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  1. 3.
    On the Community’s general external relations, see S. Henig, ‘The External Relations of the European Community’, PEP/RIIA., London, 1971.Google Scholar
  2. 8.
    As an associate Turkey would no longer be considered a third country, so that Greece would have no veto rights on any tariff benefits she received. On this and other negotiations see S. Henig, op, cit.Google Scholar
  3. 13.
    Harvests, quality and taste are at least equally important. During the 1960s and in the absence of preferential treatment Israel increased her share of the Community market, whilst that of Algeria fell markedly. For full details see S. Henig, op. cit.Google Scholar

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© Government and Opposition Ltd 1972

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  • Stanley Henig

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