Program Budgeting

  • Jesse Burkhead
  • Jerry Miner
Part of the Aldine Treatises in Modern Economics book series (MSE)


The preceding chapters have explored the state of contemporary fiscal theory, to examine the conceptual bases that are available for analyzing the appropriate level and composition of public economic activity. Program budgeting, examined in this chapter, and benefit-cost analysis (Chapter 7) are the operational side of fiscal theory.


Federal Government Public Expenditure Program Element Government Program Government Activity 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Bureau of the Budget. Special Analyses, Budget of the United States, 1971. Washington, 1970.Google Scholar
  2. Burkhead, Jesse. Government Budgeting. New York: Wiley, 1956.Google Scholar
  3. Burkhead, Jesse, Thomas G. Fox, and John W. Holland. Input and Output in Large-City High Schools. Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 1967.Google Scholar
  4. Carlson, Jack W. “The Status and Next Steps for Planning, Programing, and Budgeting,” in Robert W. Haveman and Julius Margolis, eds., Public Expenditures and Policy Analysis. Chicago: Markham, 1970, pp. 367–412.Google Scholar
  5. Commission on Organization of the Executive Branch of the Government. Budgeting and Accounting. Washington, 1949.Google Scholar
  6. Enthoven, Alain C. “Economic Analysis in the Department of Defense.” American Economic Review May 1963, pp. 413–23.Google Scholar
  7. Enke, Stephen, D. Defense Management. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall, 1967.Google Scholar
  8. Enthoven, Alain C., and K. Wayne Smith. “The Planning, Programing, and Budgeting System in the Department of Defense: An Overview from Experience,” in Have-man and Margolis, eds., Public Expenditures and Policy Analysis pp. 485–501.Google Scholar
  9. Fisher, Gene H. “The Role of Cost-Utility Analysis in Program Budgeting,” in David Novick, ed., Program Budgeting. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1965, pp. 61–78.Google Scholar
  10. Gross, Bertram M. “The New Systems Budgeting.” Public Administration Review March-April 1969, pp. 113–37.Google Scholar
  11. Grosse, Robert N. “Problems of Resource Allocation in Health,” in Haveman and Margolis, eds., Public Expenditures and Policy Analysis pp. 518–48.Google Scholar
  12. Hammond, Paul Y. “A Functional Analysis of Defense Department Decision-Making in the McNamara Administration.” American Political Science Review March 1968, pp. 57–69.Google Scholar
  13. Harper, Edwin L., Fred A. Kramer, and Andrew M. Rouse. “Implementation and Use of PPB in Sixteen Federal Agencies.” Public Administration Review November-December 1969, pp. 623–32.Google Scholar
  14. Hatry, Harry P. Criteria for Evaluation in Planning State and Local Programs. Washington: State-Local Finances Project, The George Washington University, 1967.Google Scholar
  15. Hitch, Charles J., and Roland N. McKean. The Economics of Defense in the Nuclear Age. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1960.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Hitch, Charles J., Decision-Making for Defense. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1965.Google Scholar
  17. Hirsch, Werner Z. “Education in the Program Budget,” in Novick, ed., Program Budgeting. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1963, pp. 178–207.Google Scholar
  18. Joint Economic Committee, Subcommittee on Economy in Government. The Plan-ning-Programing-Budgeting System: Progress and Potentials, September 1967.Google Scholar
  19. McKean, Roland N. “Remaining Difficulties in Program Budgeting,” in Stephen Enke, ed., Defense Management. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall, 1967, pp. 60–73.Google Scholar
  20. McNamara, Robert S., “The Formulation of Political Objectives and Their Impact on the Budget,” in Samuel A. Tucker, ed., A Modern Design for Defense Decision. Washington: Industrial College of the Armed Forces, 1966, pp. 27–29.Google Scholar
  21. Mosher, Frederick C. Program Budgeting. Chicago: Public Administration Service, 1954.Google Scholar
  22. Mosher, Frederick C. “Communication on PPBS.” Public Administration Review March 1967, pp. 67–71.Google Scholar
  23. Mosher, Frederick C. “Limitations and Problems of PPBS in the States.” Public Administration Review March-April 1969, pp. 160–67.Google Scholar
  24. Mushkin, Selma J. “PPB in Cities.” Public Administration Review March-April 1969, pp. 167–78.Google Scholar
  25. Niskanen, William A. “The Defense Resource Allocation Problem” in Enke, ed., Defense Management pp. 3 –22.Google Scholar
  26. Novick, David. “The Department of Defense,” in Novick, ed., Program Budgeting pp. 81–119.Google Scholar
  27. Proxmire, William. “PPB, the Agencies and the Congress,” in Haveman and Margolis, eds., Public Expenditures and Policy Analysis pp. 413–23.Google Scholar
  28. Quade, E. S., ed. Analysis for Military Decisions. Chicago: Rand McNally, 1964.Google Scholar
  29. Rourke, Francis M., and Glen E. Brooks. The Managerial Revolution in Higher Education. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins Press, 1966.Google Scholar
  30. Rowen, Henry S. “Assessing the Role of Systematic Decision Making in the Public Sector,” in Julius Margolis, ed., The Analysis of Public Output. New York: Columbia University Press, 1970, pp. 219–27.Google Scholar
  31. Schick, Allen. “Some Problems of Multipurpose Budget Systems.” Washington: U. S. Bureau of the Budget, 1966 (mimeo).Google Scholar
  32. Schick, Allen. “The Road to PPB: The Stages of Budget Reform.” Public Administration Review December 1966a, pp. 243–58.Google Scholar
  33. Schick, Allen. “Systems Politics and System s B udgeting. ” Public Administration Review March—April 1969, pp. 137–51.Google Scholar
  34. Schultze, Charles L. The Politics and Economics of Public Spending. Washington: The Brookings Institution, 1968.Google Scholar
  35. Wholey, Joseph S. “The Absence of Program Evaluation as an Obstacle to Effective Public Expenditure Policy: A Case Study of Child Health Care Programs,” in Joint Economic Committee, The Analysis and Evaluation of Public Expenditures: The PPB System vol. 1, Washington, 1969, pp. 451–71.Google Scholar
  36. Wildaysky, Aaron. The Politics of the Budgetary Process. Boston: Little, Brown, 1964.Google Scholar
  37. Wildaysky, Aaron. “The Political Economy of Efficiency: Cost-Benefit Analysis, Systems Analysis, and Program Budgeting.” Public Administration Review December 1966, pp. 292–310.Google Scholar
  38. Wildaysky, Aaron. “Rescuing Policy Analysis from PPBS,” in Haveman and Margolis, eds., Public Expenditures and Policy Analysis pp. 461–81.Google Scholar
  39. Yoingco, Angel Q., and Antonio O. Casem. “Performance Budgeting in the Philippines.” Philippine Economic Journal no. 16, 1969, pp. 166–84.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Jesse Burkhead and Jerry Miner 1971

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jesse Burkhead
    • 1
  • Jerry Miner
    • 1
  1. 1.Syracuse UniversityUSA

Personalised recommendations