A book on the superpowers can scarcely ignore China, not only because her size, her resources, her population and her ambitions give her superpower potential, but because her relationship to the two actual superpowers of today is crucial to their own future. Russia, if allied with China, not only commands the whole of the ‘heartland of the world island’ and its immense resources but has access to the sea on a broad and populous front. The United States, aided by an understanding with China, would be in a far stronger position to contain the Soviet Union within its landlocked prison. But an isolated China, hostile to both, poses one of the greatest questions of the time. The 1940s saw a China friendly to America. In the 1950s it was Russia’s turn. The 1960s have been the decade of aggressive isolation. What do the 1970s hold in store ? Certainly, in 1971 both the United States and the USSR were making it clear that they would welcome better relations with China.
KeywordsNuclear Weapon Soya Bean Great Leap Populous Front Modern Weapon
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