Towards an Extension of Multi-National Corporations of European Origin: Implications for Industrial Relations

  • Jacques Houssiaux


Experts in international economics often emphasise the asymmetrical nature of trade between industrial countries.1 The explanation involving the role of the product cycle in international trade stresses the time lag in demand for new products according to the country as a reason for changes in trade patterns from the point of view of time.2 This theory is generally supported by an explanation based on an examination of technological gaps between countries3: at a given time in their historical and technological developments, some countries are unable to turn out goods for which advanced technology is required.


Trade Union Collective Bargaining Industrial Relation European Origin European Economic Community 
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  1. 1.
    See Sidney Rolfe: Les sociétés internationales — leur droits et responsabilités, XXII Congress of the International Chamber of Commerce, Istanbul, 31 May-7 June 1969.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    See Jacques Houssiaux: ‘La Grande entreprise plurinationale’, in Economie appliquée April—September 1964, p. 403.Google Scholar
  3. 1.
    See Howard Perlmutter: ‘L’entreprise internationale: trois conceptions’, Revue économique et sociale, May 1965, p. 151.Google Scholar
  4. 2.
    See A. P. Weber: ‘L’interpénétration des entreprises en Europe’, Direction, April 1969.Google Scholar
  5. 3.
    See Raymond Vernon, ‘Multi-National Enterprise and National Sovereignties’, The Harvard Business Review March—April 1967, p. 156.Google Scholar
  6. 1.
    See Jacques Houssiaux: ‘Le facteur américan dans l’apparition et l’orientation des politiques industrielles en Europe occidentale depuis la seconde guerre mondiale’, Conference of the International Economic Association ( Portugal, September 1969 ).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The International Institute for Labour Studies 1972

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jacques Houssiaux

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