In the first years after the Second World War, the Federation’s collective bargaining followed a rather simple pattern. Main negotiations were concerned with the pay and conditions of adult male manual workers. Settlements were accompanied by proportionate increases for juveniles. Then related settlements would be made for other groups of workers — those with special skills like patternmakers, women, special sections of manual workers like those employed on outside construction sites, and staff workers. At first, though they had gained ground during the war, they were all comparatively weak and by and large had to take what they were offered. But as the years passed these groups grew in numbers and bargaining power until some of them, notably the draughtsmen, could challenge the power of the employers. And the Federation increasingly adjusted its policies to the special needs of particular groups.
KeywordsManual Worker Industrial Relation Union Membership White Collar White Collar Worker
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