Extensive and Intensive Growth

  • J. Wilczynski


The concepts of extensive and intensive growth in Socialist thought were first introduced, in a crude form, by Marx when he distinguished between extensive and intensive extended reproduction.1 But this problem did not receive much attention from later Socialist writers until the mid-1950s and from policy-makers some ten years later.2 Extensive growth in its pure form is based on quantitative increases in labour, capital and land, whereas intensive growth is derived from gains in overall productivity, i.e. increasing efficiency of labour and a better utilization of capital and other means of production.3


National Income German Democratic Republic Socialist Country Extensive Growth Extensive Source 
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  1. 3.
    B. Kvasha, ‘Capital Intensity’, Problems of Economics, Jan—Feb—Mar 1967, p. 67.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    H. Cholaj, Cena ziemi w rachunku ekonomicznym (Pricing of Land in Economic Calculation), Warsaw, PWE, 1966, p. 158.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    P. G. Oldak, Produkcja a spozycie (Production and Consumption), Warsaw, PWE, 1967, p. 10 I.Google Scholar
  4. 2.
    See especially P. Wiles, ‘Growth versus Choice’, Economic Journal, June 1956, pp. 244 - 55.Google Scholar
  5. 2.
    G. Kohlmey, ‘From Extensive to Intensive Growth’, Czech. Econ. Papers, no. 6, 1966, pp. 25 - 6.Google Scholar

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© J. Wilczynski 1972

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  • J. Wilczynski

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