The Structures of Broadcasting
The cost of developing first radio and then television, and the degree to which that cost was met by government subsidies in various countries, was one of the reasons for the extension of government control over the media in the post-war era. Whereas before the war broadcasting had frequently been wholly or in large part in the hands of private companies, after the war monopolies were established almost universally with a greater or lesser degree of state control, which might be direct or indirect. This was to be expected in Eastern Europe, where the new Socialist governments proceeded to administer broadcasting on the same centralised lines as the rest of the community, the exception being Yugoslavia where a federal system with considerable local independence was evolved. What was remarkable was that in Western Europe, where there was no ideological objection to private ownership or to profit, as was demonstrated by the fact that the press was allowed to continue on its pre-war basis, the trend towards control of broadcasting should have been almost universal.
KeywordsRelay Station External Service General Strike Current Affair Commercial Radio
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