Jane Austen’s Life

  • F. B. Pinion
Part of the Literary Companions book series (LICOM)


On the paternal side, Jane was descended from clothing manufacturers in Kent. Her grandfather had been a surgeon. Her father George, an only son, was an orphan before he was six. His uncle Francis, a wealthy solicitor of Sevenoaks, sent him to Tonbridge School, where he obtained a scholarship to St John’ s College, Oxford. In 1758 he became second master at his old school; then he returned to Oxford (where he was known as ‘the handsome proctor’ ), took Orders, and in 1761 was presented by a relative, Mr Knight of Godmersham in Kent, to the living of Steventon in Hampshire. He does not appear to have resided there before his marriage to Cassandra Leigh at Bath in 1764.


Austen Family Farm Building Paternal Side Prince Regent Shocking News 
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  1. 1.
    The evidence of Jane Austen’ s letters has led to the conclusion that it was Addison’ s disease. See the article by Zachary Cope in the British Medical Journal, 18 July 1964; reprinted in Collected Reports of the Jane Austen Society, 1949 – 1965.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Quoted from The Second World War in R. W. Chapman, Jane Austen, A Critical Bibliography, London, 2nd ed., 1959, pp. 56 – 7.Google Scholar
  3. 1.
    ‘Jane Austen: A Depreciation’, Essays by Divers Hands, viii, London, 1928.Google Scholar
  4. 1.
    G. E. Mingay, English Landed Society in the Eighteenth Century, London 8c Toronto, 1963.Google Scholar
  5. 1.
    See Carl J. Weber, Fore-Edge Painting, New York, 1966.Google Scholar
  6. 1.
    From the fourth edition of T. Wilson, An Analysis of Country Dancing, London, 1822, the first edition of which was dedicated in June 1811 to Madame Angiolini, the principal dancer at the Ring’ s Theatre Opera House.Google Scholar

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© F. B. Pinion 1973

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  • F. B. Pinion

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