At Nuremberg on 12 September 1938, Hitler advised the Sudeten Germans living in Czechoslovakia to insist on return of their territories to the Reich, and promised them the support of the German Army. Since France and the Soviet Union were pledged to support the Czechs, war seemed imminent. For over two weeks the diplomatic situation was tense, but on 29 September Chamberlain, Daladier, Mussolini and Hitler agreed at Munich that the areas of Czechoslovakia inhabited by the Sudeten Germans, as well as the Polish and Hungarian minorities, should be given to their respective kin States. No Czech or Russian was present at the dismemberment of one of the chief creations of the Versailles Settlement. Peace had been maintained, but although the crisis had blown over, it was clear that the respite was only temporary.


International Labour Organisation International Crisis Totalitarian State German Army Emergency Committee 
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© Antony Alcock 1971

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  • Antony Alcock

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