Europe and the War
This pattern of education was fundamentally unchanged throughout the Second World War, but in almost every country (except the neutral countries like Sweden) the education system was seriously affected by the war, particularly at the secondary and higher level where the number of men teachers was reduced by war service. In many countries there was also considerable destruction of school buildings, textbooks and other equipment. Even in the United Kingdom, which was relatively lightly affected by physical devastation, something like a fifth of the total school places were either damaged or destroyed. In the occupied territories of the Soviet Union, in Poland and in Germany, the rate of destruction, particularly in the towns, was considerably greater.
KeywordsEducation System Secondary Education School Building Considerable Decline Occupied Territory
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