The study of innovation is just beginning to pass from the ‘wisdom-writing’ stage to the collection of quantitative data. Many problems remain to be overcome before such data become accepted as being truly descriptive of reality. For example, attempts to measure the efficiency of research and development in terms of the patents produced per qualified worker have obvious limitations. Without such attempts, however, ‘research into research’ is not likely to progress.
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References for Part Two
- 1.The Queen’s Award to Industry (H.M.S.O., London, 1965).Google Scholar
- 2.Lists published in the London Gazette, 15 Apr 1966, 20Apr 1967, 18 Apr 1968 and 15 Apr 1969.Google Scholar
- 3.P. M. S. Blackett, ‘Memorandum to the Select Committee on Science and Technology’, Nature, 219 1107 (1968).Google Scholar
- 4.J. H. Holloman, in R. A. Tybout (ed.), Economics of Research and Development ( Ohio State U.P., Columbus, 1965 ), p. 253.Google Scholar
- 5.A. B. Pippard, Annex D to the ‘Swann Report’, The Flow into Employment of Scientists, Engineers and Technologists, Cmnd 3760 ( H.M.S.O., London, 1968 ).Google Scholar