The arrival of Perry’s fleet in 1853 brought the unrest in Japan to a head. The result was the restoration to power of the emperor and a realization that Japan could not maintain its policy of isolation. In a remarkable about-face, Japan was transformed into a modern industrial nation. By the end of the century, Japan was one of the world’s most powerful nations and had joined the Western countries in expanding onto the mainland of Asia. It was not long before the urge to expand created suspicion in the minds of Western leaders. Japan came to regard Western countries as rivals rather than partners and her position hardened as extreme patriots spoke of a ‘divine mission of liberating the non-white peoples from Anglo-Saxon domination’. This reaction led to war, defeat, occupation by foreign troops and further direct experience with Western countries.
KeywordsMilitary Power Military Leader Asian Mainland Overseas Trade Asian Power
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