When the peasant is ruined, he has to sell his field and his hut. If it happens to be a good year, he may just be able to pay his debts. But no sooner has the harvest been brought in than the grain bins are empty again and, contract in hand and sack on back, he has to go off and start borrowing again. He has heavier and heavier interest to pay, and soon has not got enough to eat. If there is a famine he falls into utter ruin. Families disperse, parents separate, they seek to become slaves, and no one will buy them … the rich seize several times ten thousand acres … of land, the poor have no land left and attach themselves to big powerful families and become their private retainers. They borrow seed and food, and lease land as tenants. All the year round they work themselves to death without a day’s rest, and when they have paid all their debts they live in constant anxiety whether they will be able to make both ends meet. The large landowners, however, live on the rents from their land, and are trouble-free and carefree.
KeywordsUnit Activity Communist Party Production Team Great Leap Great School
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