Many political myths are what we may call foundation myths. They tell the tale of how a political society came to be founded. Although such myths are common enough in our own time (particularly in states established during a revolutionary upheaval or a war of national liberation) it is in the political literature of classical antiquity that the best examples are to be found. Most of these classical foundation myths were of strictly local significance and survive only as perfunctory notices in the compilations of Strabo and Pausanias. But there were some which, for one reason or another, attracted a sufficiently general interest to find a place in the common culture of the ancient world; and, of these, the Roman Foundation Myth is by far the most famous and the most fully documented.
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Notes and References
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