Class Ideology and Class-Consciousness
We have seen that social groups are defined in terms of the social activities typical of their members, and that all social activities involve the use of ideas. If, then, we want to enquire how the activities of a group affect its ideas, or are affected by them, the ideas we have in mind are presumably not those involved in the activities, but other ideas. These ideas can include beliefs about the activities or can express attitudes towards them. Social groups are also defined in terms of social relations, but then social relations are themselves defined in terms of the social activities typical of the persons they relate. The ideology of a group consists, not of the ‘ideas’ (using this word broadly to refer to any kind of thinking) forming part of the activities typical of it, but of other ideas. If we call the first ideas ‘primary’, we may call the others ‘secondary’. The ideology of a group consists only of secondary ideas, but this, of course, does not imply that all such ideas are ideological.
KeywordsSocial Group Social Relation Religious Belief Social Order Advanced Society
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