Images, Motivations and Values
The notion of ‘the will of the people’ or of ‘the nation’ is not meaningless but is too nebulous for the purposes of behavioural analysis. It is more rewarding to concentrate upon the actual decision makers who act on behalf of the people or nation and to regard the latter as an element of their domestic environment from which they obtain support and receive de mands, which prescribes the parameters between which national interest can be determined. The nature and the numbers of the decision makers greatly vary from system to system but we can generalize about them as individuals all engaged in the same specific social roles.
KeywordsDecision Maker Foreign Policy National Interest Wishful Thinking Intelligence Service
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7/Images, Motivations and Values
- 1.Cf. K. E. Boulding, The Image, 1956 and “National Images and International Systems”, Journal of Conflict Resolution, iii/2, June 1959. See also J. Frankel, op. cit., pp. 105–1o.Google Scholar
- 2.Cf. the argument by D. MacLachlan, “Intelligence in Action”, BBC Third Programme, April 22, 1968.Google Scholar
- 3.A. H. Maslow, “A Dynamic Theory of Human Motivation”, in Chalmers L. Stacey and Manford F. DeMartino (eds), Understanding Human Motivation 1958, pp. 28 ff.Google Scholar
- 4.For a comprehensive discussion of values in politics see A. Brecht, Political Theory, 1959Google Scholar
- and D. Waldo, “ ‘Values’ in Political Science Curriculum”, in R. Young (ed.), Approaches to the Study of Politics, 1958. On values in foreign policy decisions see J. Frankel, op. cit., Chs. 8–10.Google Scholar
- D. Easton, The Political System 1953, p. 221.Google Scholar