The Structure of Decision Making
No two individual estimates of how national interests are formulated are likely to be identical as they depend upon the position one chooses on a whole number of issues, the major ones of which are discussed in the following chapter. All comprehensive accounts must, however, include three distinct elements which can be regarded as independent and simultaneously interconnected variables: the decision makers and their international and domestic environments. A behaviourally oriented analysis must also include the concept of ‘the image’ held by the decision makers of their environment which is an intervening variable between them.
KeywordsDecision Maker Public Opinion Foreign Policy National Interest Popular Participation
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6/The Structure of Decision Making
- 1.Cf. K. W. Deutsch, The Analysis of International Relations, 1968 pp. 15–17.Google Scholar
- 2.Cf. the views of an Israeli ex-diplomat, David Vital, The Inequality of States, 1968, pp. 30–7 and The Making Of British Foreign Policy, 1969, passim., or Political Quarterly, July/September 1968.Google Scholar
- 3.Cf. the precise formulation of the phenomenon by A. Downs, An Economic Theory of Democracy, 1957.Google Scholar
- 4.Max Beloff, Foreign Policy and the Democratic Process1955, pp. 73–4.Google Scholar
- 5.The most extensive account is found in A. Avtorkhanov, Stalin and the Soviet Communist Party, 1959.Google Scholar
- 6.Cf. J. Frankel, “Malaysia and Singapore in Interaction”, The Yearbook of World Affairs, 1970.Google Scholar
- 7.Cf. Parker Moon, Imperialism 1933.Google Scholar