Modular Arithmetic

  • Joan M. Holland
Part of the Introductory Monographs in Mathematics book series (INMOMA)


The arithmetic of odd and even numbers is well-known. If an odd number is combined with an even number by addition, the result is odd; if combined by multiplication the result is even. Tables can be constructed for all possible combinations:


Identity Element Multiplication Table Addition Table Addition Modulo Modular Arithmetic 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Joan M. Holland 1972

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joan M. Holland
    • 1
  1. 1.Bishop Otter CollegeChichesterUK

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