The fifteen-year-old Jawaharlal was not ‘vastly surprised at anything’ when he first arrived in England.1 He had been brought up in the best of both Indian and English cultures, had learnt to be at home in but not committed to either. His father and mother represented two diverse strands in his family background. In contrast to his father — domineering, rational, modern — his mother Swarup Rani was delicate, sensitive, uneducated and traditional. She was beautiful, short of stature, and belonged to the fresher stock of emigrants from Kashmir.2 Jawaharlal respected and feared his father but he loved his mother, confided in her, even dominated her.3
KeywordsPrivate Tutoring Indian Moderate National Movement United Province Annual Session
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.