Advertisement

Toward a Theory of Conflict Behaviour in Latin America

  • Raymond Tanter

Abstract

There are at least two major ways to approach the study of domestic conflict behaviour. One might seek to explain such conflict by reference to the structures and processes internal to the nation-state, or one might look outside the nation for international influences that combine with internal conditions. The fruitfulness of staying within the nation only has been brought into question by the ambiguous findings of a series of quantitative cross-national studies in their attempt at explaining domestic conflict behaviour. These studies have been conducted by authors such as Rudolph Rummel (1964, 1965) 2; Bruce Russett (1964); Ivo and Rosalind Feierabend (1966); Ted Gurr (1965, 1966, 1967); Raymond Tanter (1965); Raymond Tanter and Manus Midlarsky (1967). These studies seek to explain various kinds of domestic conflict behaviour by referring to attributes and processes within the nation. Characteristics such as poor demographic conditions; low levels of technology; relative deprivation; value aspirations, expectations and capabilities, as well as internal control measures have been used to explain domestic conflict behaviour such as turmoil and internal war. A problem characterising some of these studies is their inability to explain high magnitudes of conflict. For example, Rummel asserts that his predictor variables (e.g. poor demographic conditions) have some success in accounting for a lack of or for low levels of domestic conflict behaviour, 1946–59 and 1955–57 across 66 and 69 nations respectively.

Keywords

Union Membership Political Development American Political Science Review Conflict Behaviour International Development Association 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Adelman, Irma, Theories of Economic Development (Stanford; Stanford University Press, 1961).Google Scholar
  2. Araujo, Manuel, Bariloche, Fundación, ‘Structural Tensions, Sociopolitical Conflict and Economic Development …’, paper presented at International Peace Research Association Conference, Tallberg, Sweden, June 1967.Google Scholar
  3. Blanksten, George, ‘The Politics of Latin America’, in Almond, G., Coleman, J. (eds.), The Politics of Developing Areas (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1960) pp. 455–531.Google Scholar
  4. Blanksten, George, ‘Modernization and Revolution in Latin America’, in Barringer, H. R. et al. (eds.), Social Change in the Developing Areas (Cambridge: Schenkman, 1965) pp. 225–42.Google Scholar
  5. Boulding, Kenneth, ‘The Relations of Economic, Political and Social Systems’, Social and Economic Studies, XI (December 1962) pp. 351–62.Google Scholar
  6. Brinton Crane, The Anatomy of a Revolution (New York: Vintage, 1962).Google Scholar
  7. Bwy, Douglas, ‘Dimensions of Social Conflict in Latin America’, American Behavioral Scientist (March 1968).Google Scholar
  8. Davies, James, ‘Toward a Theory of Revolution’, American Sociological Review XXVII (1962), pp. 5–19.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. de Tocqueville, Alexis, The Old Regime and the French Revolution (Garden City, New York: Doubleday, 1955).Google Scholar
  10. Deutsch, Karl, ‘Social Mobilization and Political Development’, American Political Science Review, IV (September 1961) pp. 493–514.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Deutsch, Karl, ‘External Involvement in Internal War’, in Eckstein, Harry (ed.), Internal War (New York: Free Press, 1964) pp. 100–10.Google Scholar
  12. Feierabend, Ivo and Rosalind, ‘Aggressive Behaviours Within Polities, 1948–1962: A Cross National Study’, Journal of Conflict Resolution X (September 1966) pp. 249–271.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Gurr, Ted, The Conditions of Civil Violence (Princeton: Center of International Studies, April 1967).Google Scholar
  14. Gurr, Ted, New Error Compensated Measures for Comparing Nations: Some Correlates of Civil Violence (Princeton: Center of International Studies, 1966).Google Scholar
  15. Gurr, Ted, The Genesis of Violence: A Multivariate Theory of the Preconditions of Civil Strife (Ph.D. Dissertation, New York University, 1965).Google Scholar
  16. Haas, Michael, Some Societal Correlates of International Political Behaviour (Stanford: Studies in International Conflict and Integration, 1964).Google Scholar
  17. Huntington, Samuel, ‘Patterns of Violence in World Politics’, in Huntington, S. (ed.), Changing Patterns of Military Politics (New York: Free Press, 1962) pp. 17–50.Google Scholar
  18. Johnson, Leland, ‘U.S. Business Interests and the Rise of Castro’, World Politics, XVII (April 1965), pp. 440–59.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Kaufman, K. M., Stalson, H., ‘U.S. Assistance to Less Developed Countries, 1956–1965’, Foreign Affairs (July 1967) pp. 715–25.Google Scholar
  20. Kling, Merle, ‘Taxes on the External Sector: An Index of Political Behaviour in Latin America’, Midwest Journal of Political Science in (May 1959) pp. 124–50.Google Scholar
  21. Kling, Merle, ‘Toward a Theory of Power and Political Instability in Latin America’, Western Political Quarterly IX (March 1956) pp. 21–35.Google Scholar
  22. Kornhauser, William, ‘Rebellion and Political Development’, in Eckstein, Harry (ed.), Internal War (New York: Free Press, 1964) pp. 142–56.Google Scholar
  23. Lerner, Daniel, The Passing of Traditional Society (Glencoe: Free Press, 1958).Google Scholar
  24. Liewen, Edwin, Arms and Politics in Latin America (Praeger: New York, 1960).Google Scholar
  25. Lyle, D. B., Calman, R. A. (eds.), Statistical Abstract of Latin America, 1965 (University of California Los Angeles Latin American Center, 1966).Google Scholar
  26. Mack, Raymond, ‘Race, Class, and Power in Barbados...’ in Barringer, H. R., et al. (eds.), Social Change in the Developing Areas (Cambridge: Schenkman, 1965).Google Scholar
  27. Midlarsky, Manus, Tanter, Raymond, ‘Toward a Theory of Political Instability in Latin America’, Journal of Peace Research (September 1967).Google Scholar
  28. Model, Leo, ‘The Politics of Private Foreign Investment’, Foreign Affairs (July 1967) pp. 639–51.Google Scholar
  29. Modelski, George, The International Relations of Internal War (Princeton: Center of International Studies, 1961).Google Scholar
  30. Moore, Wilbert, Social Change (New Jersey: Prentice Hall, 1963).Google Scholar
  31. Morgenthau, Hans, ‘A Political Theory of Foreign Aid’, American Political Science Review, LVI (June 1962), pp. 301–9.Google Scholar
  32. Olson, Mancur, ‘Rapid Growth as a Destabilizing Force’, Journal of Economic History, van (1963).Google Scholar
  33. Ponsionen, J. A., The Analysis of Social Change Reconsidered (The Hague: Mouton, 1965).Google Scholar
  34. Powell, John, ‘Military Assistance and Militarism in Latin America’, Western Political Quarterly XVII (June 1965) pp. 382–92.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Ridker, Ronald, ‘Discontent and Economic Growth’, Economic Development and Cultural Change, XI (October 1962).Google Scholar
  36. Rosenau, James, ‘Pre Theories and Theories of Foreign Policy’, in Farrell, R. B. (ed.) Approaches to Comparative and International Politics (Evanston: Northwestern Press, 1966) pp. 27–92.Google Scholar
  37. Rosenau, James, International Aspects of Civil Strife (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1964).Google Scholar
  38. Rummel, R. J., ‘Dimensions of Conflict Behaviour Within and Between Nations’, Yearbook of the Society for General Systems, VIII (1963) pp. 1–50.Google Scholar
  39. Rummel, R. J., ‘A Field Theory of Social Action with Application to Conflict Within Nations’, Yearbook of the Society for General Systems X (1965) pp. 189–95.Google Scholar
  40. Rummel, R. J., ‘Testing Some Possible Predictors of Conflict Behaviour Within and Between Nations’, Peace Research Society Papers, I (1964) pp. 78–111.Google Scholar
  41. Russett, Bruce, ‘Inequality and Instability: The Relation of Land Tenure and Politics’, World Politics XVI (April 1964) pp. 442–54.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Russett, B., Alker, H., Deutsch, K., Lasswell, H., World Handbook of Political and Social Indicators (New Haven: Yale Press, 1964).Google Scholar
  43. Silvert, Kalman, The Conflict Society: Reaction and Revolution in Latin America (New Orleans, Hauser Press, 1963).Google Scholar
  44. Sorokin, Pitirim, Social and Cultural Mobility (New York: Free Press, 1927, 1959).Google Scholar
  45. Sorokin, Pitirim, Contemporary Sociological Theories (New York: Harper, 1928, 1956).Google Scholar
  46. Sorokin, Pitirim, Social and Cultural Dynamics (New York: American Books, vol. III, 1937).Google Scholar
  47. Tanter, Raymond, ‘A Systems Analysis Guide for Testing Theories of International Political Development’, prepared for delivery at the Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association, New York, September 1966.Google Scholar
  48. Tanter, Raymond, ‘Dimensions of Conflict Behaviour Within and Between Nations, 1958–60’, Journal of Conflict Resolution X (March 1966) pp. 41–64.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Tanter, Raymond, ‘Dimensions of Conflict Behaviour Within Nations, 1955–60: Turmoil and Internal War’, Peace Research Society Papers, III (1965), pp. 159–83.Google Scholar
  50. Tanter, Raymond, ‘Toward a Theory of Turmoil in Latin America’, forthcoming, 1969.Google Scholar
  51. Tanter, Raymond, ‘Toward a Theory of Political Development’, Midwest Journal of Political Science (May 1967).Google Scholar
  52. Tanter, Raymond, Midlarsky, Manus, ‘A Theory of Revolution’, Journal of Conflict Resolution (September 1967).Google Scholar
  53. United Nations, Yearbook of International Trade Statistics 1959.Google Scholar
  54. United Nations, Statistical Yearbook 1957.Google Scholar
  55. United States Agency for International Development, US Overseas Loans and Grants and Assistance for International Organizations, July 1, 1945–June 30, 1966 (March 1967).Google Scholar
  56. United States Department of Commerce, Balance of Payments: Statistical Supplement 1961.Google Scholar
  57. United States Department of Commerce, nvestment in Central America 1956.Google Scholar
  58. Wolf, Charles Jr., ‘The Political Effects of Military Programs: Some Indicators from Latin America’, Orbis VIII (Winter, 1965) pp. 871–93.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Raymond Tanter 1969

Authors and Affiliations

  • Raymond Tanter

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations