Multilateral Aid and Influence on Government Policies

  • Leon Gordenker


Whether intentionally or not, international organisations2 exercise a certain influence on the social priorities and plans of governments of less developed countries receiving assistance for development. A variety of actions and decisions, ranging from general recommendations favouring economic and social planning as the basis of development to specific allocation of a fellowship for the study of public administration or funding to permit a civil servant to attend a seminar on nutrition, provides vehicles for this influence. It is anything but constant. It varies in degree and in kind from one government to another and from one inter-governmental agency to another. The factors which produce this variation may be numerous and ephemeral.


Civil Servant International Agency United Nations Development Programme International Development Association National Official 
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  1. 1.
    For descriptions, see UN Doc. DP/JA/L. 10 and SF/PGL/1; Walter Sharp, Field Administration in the United Nations System (New York, Praeger, 1961) pp. 367–417;Google Scholar
  2. 1.
    Yonah Alexander, International Technical Assistance Experts (New York, Praeger, 1966) pp. 22–50;Google Scholar
  3. 1.
    Uner Kirdar, The Structure of United Nations Economic Aid to Underdeveloped Countries (The Hague, Martinus Nijhoff 1966) pp. 44–8; and United Nations, 15 Years and 150,000 Skills Sales No. 65.I.18, Doc. E/TAC/153/Rev. 1, pp. 34–6.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 2.
    For description and discussion of the Resident Representative, see Gerard J. Mangone (ed.), UN Administration of Economic and Social Programmes (New York, Columbia University Press, 1967) pp. 158–230. Walter Sharp in Field Administration op. cit. pp. 380–7, discusses the troubled relationship of Resident Representatives and the representatives in the field of specialised agencies.Google Scholar
  5. 2.
    IBRD Economic Survey Mission to Tanganyika, The Economic Development of Tanganyika (Baltimore, Johns Hopkins University Press, 1961).Google Scholar
  6. 1.
    United Nations, UN Economic Commission for Africa, Food and Agriculture Organisation of the UN, Economic Survey Mission on the Economic Development of Zambia (Ndola, Falcon Press, 1964).Google Scholar
  7. 1.
    For discussion of other uses of the title and its political significance, see Leon Gordenker, The UN Secretary-General and the Maintenance of Peace (New York, Columbia University Press, 1967) pp. 152–6.Google Scholar

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© Leon Gordenker 1969

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  • Leon Gordenker

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